DESIGN THINKING... task: prepare a proposal for the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, PA. This involves the creation of an interactive exhibit, perhaps 'real-time,' in which the subject of Constitutional Controversy or "heat" could be measured (historical-- measuring change over time). It's your chance to think creatively and practically and create something that people would enjoy looking at
*** 10 Questions/Places of Contention & Measuring Constitutional Heat-- can we do it? how? (inquiry meets quantitative analysis!!) -- what to measure? where's the math...
--a proposal for the National Constitution Center...-- mail it (bonus).
-- 35 points
(hand out:Federalism's Ups and Downs'-- what's the article missing?)
U.S. v Lopez (a case study...); reading (G. Will)-- poetry slam??
Each side will offer an introduction and a conclusion (90-ish seconds in length)
Each side will address the following six topics (plus three wild card topics): size and regional difference, state sovereignty, Congressional authority (Elastic Clause), Executive authority (predisposed to tyranny), the Amendment process (adequate safeguard?), and the Judiciary/Courts (too weak, concerns?)...
Each answer must reference the require documents-- Fed 10, 51, and 78 and Brutus I
The panel of three will decide a winner based on a 'Match Play' format (intro, each question, and conclusion-- (11 opportunities)
AP Government and Politics
Course Syllabus/Cover Sheet
The game of politics-- do you love it, hate it? Either way, we have the opportunity to be learning AP Government in the midst of one of the most unusual, remarkable (?) presidential elections in American history-- bring on the mid-terms. With the book closed on the highs and lows associated with the Obama and W. Bush years, our country is deeply divided by an intense partisan fault line. The 2016 election between Clinton and Trump featured highest negatives for each candidate in history. Trump's victory now serves as the back-drop for on-going policy fights (i.e. - health care, immigration and the like) and those eternal questions about the size and role of government. Whichever 'team' you root for, vote for, it's been a decade of political volatility-- both parties enjoying inertia, advantage... then seeing it slip away. I've always loved competition (athletics, etc) and the dynamic nature of politics, and our current hyper-partisanship and dysfunction, is a by-product. The age-old ideological tug-of-war should allow us to better connect with and understand structure and governmental institutions (as the College Board requires come May). Yes, it's a fascinating time to be looking at and learning the realities of American politics. With each unit, we will consider many questions and angles and, hopefully, become more analytic. Government and politics is complex. It can be messy. But, by the end of the semester you should have a better sense of the operational aspects of government and politics in the
The U.S. Constitution (structure: federalism/separation of power) will serve as the lens by which we consider many a question: Who can pray in a high school locker room? Can government restrict the sale of handguns in any way? Can police shift through someone’s garbage? Can/should government track my phone calls, e-mail, and/or purchases? Is the death penalty cruel and unusual? (… and so on). Obviously, the courts, states, and individual citizens may view things differently (see gay marriage or the abortion debate). These questions are all outgrowths of the structure of our government, its many institutions, and, of course, history. Discussing these questions and exploring what scholars (and the pundit class) consider the strengths and weaknesses of our system should prove fun.
The College Board does not care how you vote (it's a non-partisan curriculum and test), just that you understand the structure of our government and how the political process works. The Course Description book is available on-line and you should skim-and-scan it. The exam (the morning of ...) will consist of 55 multiple choice questions and four topical, free response questions. All of what we do, will be focused in the direction of doing well on the test. **Because this is a semester class, review sessions next spring will be a must. Also, visit the Collegeboard's AP U.S. Government and Politics student page-- it will help.
I assume all of you are familiar with the various do’s and don’ts of classroom behavior. I’ll expect the same. Remember, it’s your ability to speak freely and listen to one another that will greatly determine the effectiveness of the class. Ask good questions, have fun, help each other forward. A few expectations:
* Be on time (tardies will eat your daily work and participation grade)-- “the cottage” is no excuse.
* Be prepared (for class) and work hard (in and out of class)-- you will be required to have a notebook and 3-ring for this class. The notebook will house notes and serve as a valuable review tool. The notebook may be collected and checked sometime during the semester.
* Don’t talk when someone else has the floor—it’s rude!! (listening is a skill, one that's evaporating...). Phones are becoming an addiction. We will you them at times, but don't let them distract. I'll have mine put away.
*This is an AP course, so don’t make me quote one of my favorite high school social studies teachers, who was fond of saying, “Damn it, young people, you don’t read!”
We will travel fast, so pocket good habits and establish the necessary windows of time in which to study; make studying fun; and keep up— (I recommend the Cornell Method for your notes-- summary, questions, 4 or 5 interactions...).
“Discipline yourself and others won’t have to.” -- John Wooden
How the Course will be Taught
The course will include the following: class discussion/debate, lecture, video clips, individual readings, small and large project efforts, group work and analysis, a paper or two, some personalized learning, and another method or two-- by any means necessary, really. Hopefully, it will provide enough of a blend that we can stay fresh, energized and crush the test come May.
Subject Matter and Outline
I. Theory, Underpinnings, and the Constitution/Federalism
II. Political Behavior
III. Congress and Public Policy
IV. the Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy
V. The Judiciary/the Courts (Civil Rights and Civil Liberties)
Your grade will be based on a percentage generated from the total number of points.
Points will be allocated in the following manner:
Tests – You will be given a test in conjunction with each unit, and all tests will be cumulative. The format will mirror that of the AP exam and you will grade them using the AP grading technique (rubric/scoring guidelines). In addition, you will take a full practice exam for a final (55 MC, 4 FRQ).
-- Test corrections (every unit)... you can back-fill some points.
Writing Assignments – You will be expected to write in conjunction with this class—welcome and enjoy it. The emphasis will be on clarity and succinctness, just like on the AP exam.
Special Projects – You will be completing a few projects—individually, in groups, and perhaps as a class. Hopefully, these things will be enjoyable and won’t cause too much pain. In any case, they will be best explained when the time comes.
Daily Work - Anything that’s completed in class or for class will factor into this grade. Don’t expect too much in the way of daily homework (you won’t be busy-worked). Everything else, especially the reading, should keep you plenty busy. (I reserve the right to check notebooks).
The Reader – You will be compiling a “Reader.” The Reader will be a collection of articles (two to three per unit) that speak to/relate to our units and topics. I have an example on hand (it will help reinforce themes).
Participation – This is the purely subjective portion of your grade. Much of what we do will involve dialogue and discussion, and I would like to see you all involved. Your contributions, effort and involvement relative to your personality is what I will attempt to measure.
LATE WORK/EXTRA CREDIT – No late work will be accepted, unless it’s an excused absence. Also, no extra credit, which is simply a clever way of saying “instead of credit” and it doesn't happen with any regularity in the college classroom.
ADDITIONAL INFO: It's important that you work to develop a "news habit." Read newspapers and magazine publications [Time,
**Any questions, don’t hesitate to ask. I’ll update grades weekly on Infinite Campus.
-- optional summer assignment will be due after Labor Day weekend (??).
Semester Project-- required.
Rubric (150 total points):
Democracy in Athens –
Rome and its Law of Nations -
The Magna Carta –
The Edict of Nantes –
17th Century England –
Thomas Hobbes –
John Locke –
Montesquieu’s France –
Salutary neglect –
Thomas Paine and public opinion –
TJ (and notions of gov’t/democracy) –
Adams & Franklin (role, attitude, etc.)–
George Washington (importance; and ability to sidestep power) –
Articles of Confederation (the structure and its FAILURES)–
Danny Shay’s impact/legacy –
James Madison (and the Fed Papers) –
The Great Compromise (and on-going post-Census redistricting battles…) -
Federalism (the intent of the Founders and debate today??) –
Alexander Hamilton (worthy of his place on the $10?) –
Issues today (chosen by tables): Gun Control, Budget (deficit/debt), Immigration, the President (stepping on norms/convention), Voting (electoral security, etc), Abortion/Women's Health
OUR POLITICAL ROOTS AND THE CONSTITUTION--
I - A balance between governmental power and individual rights has been a hallmark of American Political development.
II - The writing and ratification of the Constitution emerged from the debate about the weaknesses in the Articles of Confederation and the debate over granting the federal government greater power formerly reserved to the States.
LT: I (we) will understand that power is at the heart of Lasswell's definition of politics. What's your strongest political memory, etc? reflection as a departure point...; talkin' politics (competition!! --the dynamic, non-static quality of politics)-to-Lasswell's definition; website look (syllabus, etc.)-- pitch Real Clear Politics, 538, and the Center for Politics... books.
LT: I (we) will be introduced to the idea of the 'social contract' and why it's important to know. sources of info: the late John McLaughlin-to- our current pundit class... the question of misinformation/propaganda; visit the Course Description book; handout/discuss the 'social contract'/Locke assignment (D of I, Constitution)-- due Mon; political roots (discussion-- who/what have we encountered? in what context? -- significance??-- five-to-seven words (in class; homework)...; pratice multiple choice in Course Description Book-- (HW)
LT: I (we) will understand how the Constitution serves as the blueprint/framework for our government and is open to amendment/change. political roots-to-Sabato's Constitutional Re-Write: What do we think of his 23? (group deliberation)/quantitative analysis... (yours vs the class'); read the Constitution!!! ('What did the Founders Intend?'-- a reading...)
LT: We will compare the Articles of Confederation (and their weakness) to the Constitution. Haiku summation (D of I (4), A of C (6), the Constitution (8)... w/ eye to the test. Choosing up sides for a Debate "Was it the right choice?' (ratifying the constitution)...
LT: We will try to win the day with our understanding and arguments... DEBATE DAY!! expressed v implied power-- solidify; sovereignty/(state sovereignty principle...later-to-Federalism); "If Men were Angels,...": Deliberative Discussion of Federalist #51 and Brutus #1
LT: We will practice our listening for understanding w/ an absolute fountain of knowledge in author, Joseph Ellis. Joseph Ellis (video clip from CSPAN Nov '07)... w/ questions. -----
LT: We will re-acquaint ourselves with the Constitution and appreciate its structural and institutional elements (the contentious points, the collisions of power, etc). Page of info-to-1/2-page of quick reference...
LT: We will tap into a valuable resource and tool to help with understanding the course and its curriculum. W: Register w/ AP Classroom-- Constitution work
We will read Time's article on the Constitution and see how historical and contemporary debates and questions might be reflected on the AP Exam. Read: 'Does It Still Matter?' (7/4/11); discuss and review (test next time...) ---
LT: Appreciate Federalism via grand metaphor-- Blue and Red Robots. Do you have a favorite Founder-- yes, no? (cue 'Hamilton') FEDERALISM-- look at case studies-- what to do???; vclip-- the Bill of Rights and Federalism; Rock ... rounds 1 and 2!! -- off to the lab
LT: We will use our own research to serve and a window into controversy and understanding money's place in the federalism equation-- advantage federal government... discuss case studies-- semi-finals; fiscal federalism!!
LT: We will come to appreciate the arch of history as it relates to federalism... watch 'the Bill of Rights and Federalism'; handout Barron-to-Gitlow (the Incorporation Doctrine/selective incorporation).
LT: We will use design thinking and high interest to focus on the fault lines of controversy created by the Constitution... story: our Visit to Independence Hall (smile-- Liberty Bell photo)-- the Constitution;*** 10 Questions & Measuring Constitutional Heat-- can we do it? how? (inquiry meets quantitative analysis!!) --a proposal for the National Constitution Center...-- mail it. (hand out: 'Federalism's Ups and Downs'-- what's the article missing?)
LT: We will use a ghost of a test to understand federalism, then use the back half of the class to brainstorm for our 'design thinking' effort. Practice test (an expired one)-- a look...;
LT: We will share our proposals and vote on a winner-- having fun, enjoying the material.
LT: We will be working questions in AP Classroom. Make sure everyone is enrolled, has access and is enjoying the resource...
LT: We will explore questions, craft follow-ups, and allow curiosity to drive our learning. QUESTION DAY: Looking at the 'Essential Questions' from the course curriculum... with butcher paper and markers!! Poetry Slam (4 Haiku) for Monday...
LT: We will watch a video on the Constitution and use the 'Six Big Ideas' as a guide. Peter Sagal's 'Constitution USA'; Six Big Ideas in the Constitution (the National Archives)-- define, importance/today? (homework), THE CONSTITUTION-- essential reference points (how well did we build it?).
-- Constitutional crisis??; poetry slam?? (4 rounds to win!!!)
W/Th: Unit I test 2: Constitutional Democracy and Federalism (a set of FRQ... buffet style :))
POLITICAL BEHAVIOR (Unit II)--
the political superquiz-- yes, no, maybe (reasonable, changes...??-- reword/refresh)
process exam/essays-- poll questions (for Fri); Coffeehouse questions...
LD: video (political literacy and focus groups); notes on public opinion...
Lab Effort: Messaging-- Creating a Presidential Candidate Brochure-- research and start (hand poll questions-- to be asked over the weekend; need 10)
Oct 17th: House 51 Candidates (Q and A campaigns, elections, policy, etc...)
tally poll; notes (media/media objectivity, etc); plotting effort-- spectrum, etc...
political parties (notes) v interest groups ('T chart' and two questions...); 'Vote 4 Me...' vs. notes (interest groups); AARP, NRA, NOW, NAACP, Sierra Club, Business Roundtable, AMA, etc; third parties (video link)
LD: 'Journeys w/ George'-- the 'Living Room Candidate' (homework...)
'ADM' on 'Frontline' (video clips); graphic organizers for the weekend
brochure share and 'debate scorecard' creation...
the campaign process (strategy w/ Atwater, Morris, Rove, Plough)-- handicapping Citizens United and how it might look w/ an FRQ
LD: FRQ scrum-- looking at 25 years-worth of FRQs
notes (the media); agenda setting/horserace coverage; self-selection/consolidation and the FCC (fairness doctrine??)-- Moyers; review/take-home exam...
CONGRESS/public policy (Unit III):
"Congress" -- Ken Burns documentary; kick-off the unit...
Congress v its bad rap... (something new???); policy effort...
LD: process exam; measuring Congressional effectiveness assignment-- a qualitative effort; legislative envy: a look at 'Prime Minister's Questions'
writing/choosing a bill to submit to Congress... "Be it resolved that..."
day in the life, etc... working for constituents, w/ lobbyists/interest groups, w/in party structure; state and local activity/initiatives-- a better place to focus energy in a climate of division and partisan anger???; ...finish "Congress"
clip "Thank You for Smoking" (the congressional hearing...); notes (Congress); Dirksen Congressional Center and IU's Center for Congress (w/ ipads);notes (public policy); video Environmental issues, Welfare Reform, Education as public policy-- NCLB and Race to the Top, the Affordable Care Act, (the ADA, Gun Control; Gramm/Rudman, the "Shutdown", 'fiscal cliff,' and sequestration-- budget calculus, etc.)
LD: 'Sorting Hat' review effort... -- swimming bills through the RAPBABIE/Iron Triangle sequence(s)... discuss, consider costs/benefits, etc...; the presidency (... topics for papers - pick Fri)
test: (collective, via our entire chamber)/chapters read!; the Presidency KBAT-- job description; intro questions ('drafting' topics); video clip...
THE PRESIDENCY/the bureaucracy, foreign policy (??), economic policy (Unit IV):
Welcome to the West Wing (a walking tour... video clip/CSPAN); notes (organization/structure of staff)
the Bureaucracy-- scorecard and critique (growth of, etc)-- w/ notes; assign one-pager (due after Thanksgiving Break)...; yes, no, maybe questions (ask a parent, too).
LD: Foreign Policy-- "the Fog of War"... (guest lecture - Robert McNamara)
Paris attacks/response(s)??; foreign policy-- terms and case studies/examples
budget/economic policy (monetary v fiscal)-- counter-cyclical responses/stability; talking 'Presidential Leadership' w/ Bill Clinton and George W. Bush (test topics, etc); Thanksgiving practice exams, etc...
review: Presidential Power (Neustadt thesis and the Imperial Presidency) and 'Presidential Greatness'-- do we agree?? as review tool... Watson-like supercomputer w/ actor-- would that be an answer???...
Character and the Presidency CSPAN w/ Brooks and White
test (part I); next KBAT (the Judiciary, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties); questions/preparing for the BCS rankings...
test (part II); the justices...
*** 'Saving Democracy: Two Legal Scholars Argue that the Political System we Cherish is Unlikely to Collapse but could be Chipped Away' The University of Chicago Magazine pp 24-29 (w/ follow-up, off-shoot questions)
the JUDICIARY, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties (Unit V):
LD: Civil Rights v Civil Liberties (define the difference); PBS's "The Supreme Court"-- Marbury v Madison!!; Landmark cases (+ prior exam exercise!!);
Stephen Breyer as guest lecturer... (organization and structure)-- Judiciary (notes)
Civil Liberties (the BCS rankings)-- the Bill of Rights baby!! (...revisiting selective incorporation)-- notes!
Civil Rights-- "Eyes on the Prize" (clips)-to-Eye on the Exam... (***14th Amendment; 24th Amendment)-- notes!-- MLK night presentation;
LD: oral argument clip (Bush v Gore); judicial activism v judicial restraint (stare decisis)-- a couple of case studies (& Scalia v Breyer... via CSPAN); KBAT prep... and/or FRQ glances (judiciary, CR/CL, landmark cases-- which years?)
The Exam as the guidepost-- power reviewing with butcher paper
Final (an AP Government and Politics exam!)
REVIEW/open forum-- process exam; talk post-exam: friday lunches, review nights, on-line aids, etc --
1. If the election was held today, who would you be voting for? a) Donald Trump b) Hillary Clinton c) third party/other
2. What is your opinion of Voter ID laws? a) they are necessary and prevent fraud b) they exist to prevent people from voting and are politically motivated (suppress the minority vote) c) not sure/don't care
3. Would you consider voting 3rd Party if that candidate has an equal chance of winning? a) yes b) no
If you answered yes, who would you vote for? a) Jill Stein b) Gary Johnson c) other
4. The state of Colorado ranks last in higher education funding per student. Would you support a TABOR (Taxpayer Bill of Rights) alteration that would allow half of money that is currently auto-rebated to citizens to be used/dedicated to higher ed. spending?
5. Because so many Coloradans (1/3) are unaffiliated with a political party, should unaffiliated voters be allowed to participate by replacing the caucus system with an open primary? a) yes b) no
6. Should the federal government tighten or loosen environmental regulations? a) tighten b) loosen c) don't know or no change
7. Should the United States keep the Electoral College system, or abolish it in favor of the popular vote? a) keep b) replace
8. Of the following issues, which do you think is the most important in deciding your vote in the upcoming presidential and Congressional elections? a) immigration and/or race relations b) the economy c) foreign policy and/or security d) Obamacare (preserving/repealing) e) freedom and civil liberties (property rights/the 2nd Amendment)
9. Should the City of Loveland should use taxpayer money to support downtown, including things like the South Catalyst Project? a) yes b) no c) don't care/don't know
10. Do you think the federal government should establish a national minimum wage, or should it be left to the states? a) yes b) left to the states c) don't know/don't care
11. Pundits are telling us these are the two most unpopular major party candidates in American history. On a scale of 1-10, how unfavorable is your view of Hillary Clinton (10 being the most unfavorable)? Donald Trump?
12. If a 100% rational candidate, a Dr. Spock or a politics/policy version of IBM's Watson computer, could run and base governmental decisions purely on data and previous outcomes, would you consider replacing a human president with a Vulcan or a machine? a) yes b) no c) unsure
Try to interview no fewer than 3 Rs, 3 Ds, or 3 unaffiliateds.
Try to target 2-3 under 35s, 4-ish 35-to-65, and 3-4 over 65s.
Get an even male/female split.
And, try to include one representative of a target demographic... (match Loveland).
-- due MONDAY
Your task is to conduct a political interview. This will involve coming up with six questions (one per chapter) about politics and asking someone what they think in response to those questions. You need to write down that person's responses and type up your interview using a two-page format (type both questions and answers and include a short demographic bio for the person you interviewed).
MEMES and/or CARTOONS
You are going to produce memes and/or cartoons that speak to unit/chapter topics, so again the magic number is six. For five of them, you are going to create tweets. And for one, you are to write a good, high-level FRQ question.
KEYS TO THE WHITE HOUSE
After reading the article on 'Keys to the White House' by Allan Lichtman, use the 13 keys to predict the outcome of the 2016 election. Do they seem to work well in this case-- why or why not? In addition, supply 2 more keys that could be used to analyze one's chances, and then include 3-to-5 factors that could be used to determine whether things would be favorable in terms of a third party or third-party candidate.
ELECTION CASE STUDY
Take a look at two close and/or interesting, significant races-- one in this election cycle and something else (it could be historical, it could be current, but in a different state). Anyway, give the gist in terms of who, what, where, why, and how. You could compare a Senate race to a Senate race, a House race to a House race, the Presidential race to a Congressional race, or any fun, meaningful combination. You might even consider a race for the state House vs. at the national level. Either way, get a feel for money, media, campaign schedule, structure/staff, and strategy. We want some good comparison, some good insight.
The Rubric (50 points)
10 points - is it interesting, well-written/crafted, and/or clever/insightful?
10 points - is it accurate, factual; without errors/mistakes?
10 points - is it an adequate description of the unit/chapters (or key elements therein)?
10 points - is there an acknowledgement of sources (or the bio)?
10 points - overall feel and apparent effort-- is it pleasing-- aesthetically, intellectually?
January - the Constitution and Federalism
February - Political Behavior
March - the Branches of Government
April - Everything and Anything-- collective discussion, etc...
Monday nights (7:30 pm-to-8:30/45 pm)
March I (time division/approach, resources, Units I and II - Constitutional Underpinnings/Federalism), March II (political behavior), March III (Congress and Public Policy); April I (Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy), April II (the Courts, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties), April III (Everything goes within the lenses of the Constitution...)
** it's time to begin incremental review-- AP Exam (5/10); (**pick up 'a practice test' the week of May 2nd)... (look at tvpoliticaljunkies.webs.com - U.S. portion-- and hit the College Board for free response questions and scoring guidelines)!! A good series of 'windows of study' prior to the exam is necessary...
Unit I (Gov and Politics - the big picture!!) - week of 3/9 and week of 3/16
Unit II (the Constitution and Founding Era) - week of 3/23
Unit III - (Federalism) - week of 3/30
Unit IV - (Political Behavior) week of 4/6
Unit V - (Congress and Public Policy) week of 4/13
Unit VI - (Executive Branch and the Bureaucracy) week of 4/20
Unit VII - (the Courts, Civil Rights and Civil Liberties) week of 4/27
and, again, look at everything that last week with the Constitution as the 'driving force'-- 5/2...-to-test day!
Unit I: Political Theory, the Constitution, and Federalism
Chapters 1 and 2 (O’Connor/Sabato)
Natural law (& the Greeks) popular consent social contract theory (Locke)
The Hobbseian view republic monarchy (“divine right”)
democracy (direct/indirect) civil society oligarchy/aristocracy
demographics (transformation) libertarianism free market capitalism
Voltaire – free speech socialism the mercantile system
the “critical period” (& Shays) apathy communism
the 3/5s Compromise cynicism totalitarianism
The “living” Constitution federalism political ideology
strict v loose interpretation confederation popular sovereignty
majority rule conservative personal liberty
satire (& freedom of the press) liberal political culture
Articles of Confederation politics Common Sense
Humanism (church v state) separation of power the Beard thesis
The Preamble (“We the People”) checks & balances Federalists v Anti-Feds
Elastic Clause (“necessary/proper”) Full Faith & Credit enumerated v implied power
Articles I – VII (Constitution) ‘supremacy clause’ the Federalist Papers
Formal v informal amendment the Bill of Rights judicial review
Be Able To:
Dred Scott v Sandford (1857) enumerated power 14TH AMENDMENT
Webster v Reproductive Services (1989) federalism & slavery devolution
Planned Parenthood v Casey (1992) 16th Amendment preemption
irony of Bush v Gore (2000) full faith & credit creative federalism
the NGA & one other "Big 7" entities grants-in-aid coercive federalism
cooperative federalism & the New Deal fiscal federalism permissive federalism
Reagan and "new federalism" ex post facto law unitary gov't
categorical v block grants interstate compacts confederation
10th Amendment (reserved power!!) sovereign immunity Civil Rights Era
Garcia as apex of federal power intergovernmental lobby -- "
Rehnquist Court (inertia for the states) selective incorporation the Civil War
mandates: funded & unfunded... suffrage and the states -- a federalism fight!
Be Able To -
KBAT: Political Behavior and Elections (Chapters 11-16)
public opinion political parties (functions of) political socialization (factors)
Literary Digest poll “governmental” piece (party) “organizational” piece (party)
party in the electorate mainstream v electronic media party affiliation/political ideology
direct primary liberal v conservative age, regional notions, events
political knowledge & single issue voting/politics civil service laws (& patronage)
(participation levels) political consultants the “spoils system”
random sampling stratified sampling partisanship-- decreasing, increasing...
coalition building push polling tracking polls
exit polls margin of error unity (party)
linkage (and party, IGs, the M) accountability (and party) electioneering function
National Committee - loyal opposition/watchdog National Party Platform
National Convention Congressional party (discipline) coattail effect
significance/evolution PACs (Super PACs) and 527 groups “think tanks”
modern GOP v Plouff declining party loyalty party identification v unaffiliated (CO = #1)
organizational prowess! - myth or reality? two-party system
one-partyism 3rd partyism dualist theory
issue introduction spoiler function (Nader, etc) proportional representation
instant run-off voting ballot access states and voting law
voter registration electorate mandate
(retrospective voting v prospective voting) closed v open (blanket) primary
crossover voting raiding J blanket primary
nonpartisan primary runoff primary ballot initiative
referendum recall general election
primaries v caucuses regional primary front-loading
superdelegates uncommitted delegates abolition of the “unit rule”
electoral college electors realignment and “critical” elections
pros/cons Congressional District Plan secular realignment
redistricting …the electoral college scandal and spin efforts
gerrymandering incumbency incumbency advantage
midterm elections turnout (significance/meaning) electoral reform measures
McCain/Feingold who votes v who doesn’t campaign finance/contribution limits
Be able to:
- 1987/1990 Q1 (realigning elections); 1988 Q2 (differences between D and R parties/voting base); 1989 Q1, 1993 Q2 (power w/in public opinion and policy making); 1991 Q1 (voting and non-electoral participation—women, seniors, business, farmers; 1992 Q1 (voter characteristics: party affiliation, socioeconomic status, race/ethnicity, issue preferences); 1993Q4 (Newsweek poll and ?s); 1994 Q2 (women and political participation); 1994 Q4 (cartoon and ?s—primary coverage); 1995 Q2 (parties—and decline??); 1995 Q4 (Clinton’s ’92 coalition—election graphic, who and why); 1995 Q5 (reapportionment map and ?s); 1996 Q2, 1998 Q1 (changes in formal nomination procedures/conventions since ‘60); 1997 Q3 (popular v electoral vote and 3rd parties); 1998 Q4(elections and low turnout); 1999 Q1 (presidential election campaigns as “candidate centered”); 1999 Q2 (interest groups: AARP, AMA, NAACP, NAM); 2000 Q3 (map – regional voting patterns); 2000 Q4, 2005 Q4 (campaign finance reform); 2001 Q2 (incumbency advantage); 2002 Q4 (voter turnout- why an overall decline/mid-terms); 2003 Q2 (participation beyond voting); 2004 Q2, 2010 Q1 (interest groups and litigation, campaign contributions, grassroots lobbying/mass mobilization—Sierra Club, NRA); 2004 Q3 (cartoon and minor parties/ “wasted vote” idea); 2004 Q4 (decline in trust and confidence toward gov’t—why, cost of elections, etc.); 2006 Q1 (interest groups vs. political parties); 2008 Q1 (reapportionment and gerrymandering); 2009 Q2 (“linkage institutions,” and age, education and likelihood of voting); 2009 Q4 (table nightly news viewership); 2010 Q3 (composition of major parties w/ graph).
Reapportionment/Redistricting Gerrymandering Term limits
Franking privilege …'Congressional Immunity' Leadership (structure, etc)
Caucus - Party caucus or conference Speaker of the House vs. Senate Majority Leader
Whip(s) President pro tempore 'seniority' (H v Sen)
Committee system Standing committee sub-committee
Select committee Select/Joint committee Conference Committee
Oversight/Investigation Bills of attainder/ex post facto laws Impeachment
Enumerated Powers (Article I) Implied power (Elastic/Commerce Clauses) Trial and Removal...
Constituency Appropriation bill Quorum
Filibuster Cloture Field reps
Efficacy Incumbency/'Safe Seats' Closed vs. Open rule (House)
Senatorial courtesy Earmarks ...riders
Delegate Trustee 'Partisan'
Politico Senate (& Foreign Relations primacy...) Logrolling
“attentive” public Pocket veto Override
Public policy: distributive vs. redistributive policy iron triangle issue network
fiscal v monetary policy inflation/unemployment excise tax; tariff
deficit v debt progressive tax v flat mandates (funded?)
entitlements …means-testing public assistance/welfare
Social Security Medicare/Medicaid Policy = ‘RAPBABIE’
Congress/public opinion Rules Committee Ways and Means
Be Able To
KBAT: The President, the Bureaucracy, and Foreign Policy
“royal governor” State of the Union Address
22nd Amendment Senate confirmation of appointments
Qualifications (formal) treaty power
Impeachment (H of R) presidential staff
Executive privilege executive agreements
U.S. v Nixon veto power
Rules/line of succession line item veto
25th Amendment Clinton v NYC
Appointment power War Powers Act
Power to convene Congress pardon power
New Deal (& expansion) inherent power
Executive Office of the Presidency (Taftian v stewardship-TR)
Leadership (& the Neustadt thesis) the West Wing (advisors, etc)
Executive order legislation and BUDGET
the signing statement OMB
Bureaucracy implementation (& discretion)
Spoils system and patronage iron triangles
Pendleton Act issue networks
Civil service system/ “merit” inter-agency councils
Independent regulatory commission administrative discretion
Cabinet departments bureaucratic rule-making and regulations
Government corporations (2 or 3) administrative adjudication
Independent executive agencies Title IX
Independent regulatory commissions Bureaucratic agencies & accountability
(w/ examples) Hatch Act/Federal Employees
NGOs… Activities Act
Isolationism tariffs (MFN status)
Unilateralism the “American system” v free trade
Moralism Roosevelt Corollary
Pragmatism collective security
Embargo Act League of Nations
Monroe Doctrine IGOs… (w/ example)
Manifest destiny Bretton Woods & IMF/World Bank
The Marshall Plan Truman Doctrine & containment
NATO Cuban Missle Crisis
Détente Reagan Doctrine (support for…)
Human rights (Carter) Powell Doctrine
NAFTA/WTO terrorism & al-Qaeda
Bush Doctrine (pre-emption) WMDs
Dept. of State Dept. of Defense
CIA Joint Chiefs of Staff
National Security Council National Security Agency (NSA)
Dept. of Homeland Security 9/11 Commission
Military industrial complex news media and…
Be Able To –
The Judicial Branch, Civil Rights, and Civil Liberties
Original jurisdiction Appellate jurisdiction Senatorial courtesy
Judicial restraint Judicial activism Judicial review
Marbury v Madison writ of certiorari Federal District Courts
Circuit Court of Appeals 'justiciable' (real/adverse) Standing; vested interest
..to be “Borked” Selective incorporation Fourteenth Amendment
Freedom of speech Freedom of the press Freedom of assembly/petition
Freedom of religion gun rights slander v. libel
Obscenity preferred position doctrine Prior restraint
Rights of the accused Double jeopardy Unreasonable search and seizure
Probable cause Exclusionary rule Objective good faith
Inevitable discovery rule Cruel and unusual punishment implied right to privacy
Due process Jim Crow laws Poll tax
'Grandfather' clause Civil Rights Act ‘64 De facto segregation
De jure segregation Affirmative action 'failed' Equal Rights Amendment
Abortion (law/policy) amicus curie and, traditional briefs 'class action' suit
Concurring opinion Dissenting opinion Dred Scott ruling
In forma pauperis “litmus test” McCulloch v Maryland
Opinion of “the Court” Solicitor general stare decisis
Freedom riders MLK, Jr. Montgomery bus boycott
NAACP Nonviolent civil disobedience sit-ins
Plessey v Ferguson “separate but equal” reasonableness standard
Strict scrutiny standard Swann v Charolette-Mecklenburg Voting Rights Act ‘65
Bill of Rights Barron v Baltimore Clear-and-present danger principle
Commercial speech Establishment clause Exclusionary rule
Free-exercise clause Gitlow v New York Mapp v Ohio
Miranda v Arizona Patriot Act symbolic speech
Be Able To –
Civil Rights = protection by government; Civil Liberties = protection from government
What do you make of Mr. Light's lists? Do you agree? Where might your opinion/view differ? Bias here??
Of the past half-century--
1) Rebuilding Europe after WWII (the Marshall Plan)
2) Expanding the Right to Vote
3) Promoting Equal Access to Public Accommodations
4) Reducing Disease
5) Reducing workplace discrimination
6) Ensuring safe food and drinking water
7) strengthening the nation's highway system
8) increasing older Americans' access to health care
9) reducing the federal budget deficit (late '90s)
10) promoting financial security in retirement
11) improving water quality (pollution in lakes/rivers/aquifers)
12) supporting veterans' readjustment and training
13) promoting scientific and technological research
14) containing communism
15) improving air quality
16) enhancing workplace safety
17) strengthening the national defense
18) reducing hunger and improving nutrition
19) increasing access to post-secondary education
20) enhancing consumer protection
...the next half century:
1) increasing arms control and weapons proliferation (including terror networks)
2) increasing quality and access to health care
3) expanding the voter participation and preserving election integrity (free of the influence of money)
4) long-term solvency of entitlements (Social Security/Medicare)
5) reforming social safety net programs
6) protection of the environment and proper resource management
7) adequately dealing with growing demographic diversity
8) improving the nation's educational system
9) striking the appropriate balance between federal and state power
10) promoting governmental efficiency and streamlining bureaucracy
11) maintaining a military advantage/edge
12) building/re-working the nation's aging infrastructure
"All mankind... equal and independent, no one ought to harm another in his life, health, liberty, and possessions."
- John Locke
Explain two ways expressed and implied power relate to natural rights and the social contract. Identify and discuss one specific feature of the Constitution that allows flexibility and balance.
"The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the states." -- the 10th Amendment
Explain what the Gibbons v Ogden (1824) ruling did in terms of federal power and the commerce clause. Discuss the Rehnquist Court and its Lopez decision (1995) and what that meant in terms of power and/or states' rights.
Graph showing incumbency advantage in election results (nifty)
Using the graph shown above,
a) Describe and explain one trend and how it relates to incumbency.
b) Explain two ways that Buckley v Valeo (1976) and PACs have influenced campaign finance reform and the incumbency advantage.
c) Identity one trend in voter demographics and how it affects the reelection of incumbents. (how to tweak to get tight rubric response?)
Prior to 9/11, the FBI and CIA may have had all the resources and means to prevent 9/11. Identify which type of Congressional committee would consider this question/issue and what do we call that function or power within Congress. Name the cabinet entity created in the wake of the 9/11 Commission and explain how coordination and cooperation relates to the term 'bureaucratic pathology?'
"What did media ever do to you?"
"It destroyed the electoral process."
Hollywood's production "Wag the Dog" is a representation of how public approval of the cabinet and president is crucial. Identify two ways in which foreign policy affects approval ratings and discuss two historical or current situations that have greatly affected executive approval.
Though the Supreme Court mainly uses the Constitution when deciding cases, many historians argue they also, in some measure, take into account the thoughts and views of the public.
a. Explain one way the Court takes public opinion into consideration when establishing the law of the land and one way the Court is insulated from public opinion.
b. Identify the significance of Marbury v. Madison (1803) and the principle of judicial review, then consider Roe v. Wade (1973) and privacy. Discuss how each of these cases set a precedent for future rulings.
"12 days of Gov review..."
- 12 Fed Reserve districts
- 11 lobbyists lobbying
- 10 Amendments in the Bill of Rights
- 9 Supreme Court justices
- 8 battleground states
- 7 Articles in the Constitution
- 6 investigative subpoenas
- 5 White House staffers
- 4 budget briefings
- 3 branches of gov't
- 2 Houses of Congress
"- and a Constitution which blueprints it all..."